5 Important Facts To Remember About Bed Bugs
- They are just as likely to infest the cleanest of houses as they are the dirtiest
- They are nocturnal – you will not see them out in the open during the day
- They are not limited to mattresses and/or bedrooms – they can infest furniture, molding, walls, and appliances
- They are extremely fast and nearly impossible to catch
- They have not been conclusively linked to transmission of any diseases
Physical Description :
Adult bed bugs are roughly 3/16″-1/4″ in length. Although they are small, they are certainly visible to the human eye. They have a flat, oval shape and are reddish-brown in color. After feeding, their bodies appear longer, and more red in color than when they are unfed.
Bed bug nymphs resemble their adult counterparts, but are much smaller in size. In their early stages, they can be as small as 1 mm in length. They are actually translucent in color for much of this life stage. When fed, nymphs turn bright red in color.
Bed bug eggs are extremely small, whitish-clear in color, and are nearly invisible to the naked eye.
Bed bugs are completely nocturnal – they like to hide in cracks and crevices during the day. Some common hiding spots are mattress folds, box spring cracks, floorboard cracks, baseboard molding, furniture corners, appliances, etc. They are unlikely to hide in any kind of concrete or stone surfaces. They prefer wood, paper, and fabric surfaces.
Eggs are typically found in similar locations, but are more likely to be found on rough surfaces than smooth ones.
Adult females lay eggs daily – 1 – 5 per day and up to 500 over the course of her life Nymphs hatch in 5-7 days and go through 5 molting stages before reaching adulthood. The progression from nymph to adult usually takes about 3 weeks.
Adults can live up to one year and can go as long as 4-5 weeks without needing a meal.
Signs Of An Infestation
BITES – small, red bite marks in small groups of 3 or 4 together are the most common sign of an infestation. Depending on the sensitivity of the individual, these bites can cause extreme itching and the rash can be much more severe.
However, not all people are sensitive enough to cause noticeable bite marks to appear. It is important to keep in mind that although you MAY NOT have distinct bite marks, it is still possible for you to have an infestation.
For information on treating bed bug bites, CLICK HERE.
After the bugs digest blood, they excrete a dark brown or black liquid that dries and causes noticeable spots on mattresses, sheets, furniture, etc.
As the nymphs age, they molt 5 times until adulthood. The resulting exoskeletons are quite noticeable and are a sure sign of an infestation
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full-fledged bed bug infestations.
We offer both residential and commercial services. If you think you may have bed bugs or want to prevent a bed bug infestation, call us today for your FREE, no-obligation consultation.